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Analysis

Djenné’s Decline: From Islamic Learning Hub to Conflict-Ridden Struggle

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Once a center of Islamic learning, Djenné in Mali is now facing severe economic decline due to ongoing conflict. Discover the impacts on tourism, heritage, and local livelihoods.

Djenné, a historic city in Mali once renowned as a center of Islamic learning, is now facing severe economic decline and social turmoil. The city, famous for its Grand Mosque—the world’s largest mud-brick structure—has seen a dramatic drop in tourism due to persistent conflict involving jihadi rebels, government forces, and various militant groups.

The downturn began in 2012 after a coup in Mali created a power vacuum, allowing jihadi groups to seize control of key northern cities. Although a French-led military operation reclaimed urban centers in 2013, militants quickly regrouped, launching relentless attacks on Malian, U.N., and French forces. This instability severely impacted tourism, a crucial economic driver for Djenné.

Djenné’s significance dates back centuries as a market center and trans-Saharan trade hub. Its Grand Mosque, built in 1907 on the site of an older mosque from the 13th century, is replastered annually by the community in a ritual symbolizing unity and cultural heritage. However, ongoing conflict has overshadowed this rich history.

Mali has experienced multiple coups since 2020, leading to increased political instability. Col. Assimi Goita’s junta expelled French forces in 2021, turning to Russian mercenaries for security, and ordered the U.N. to end its peacekeeping mission. Despite Goita’s promises, the government struggles against militant advances, exacerbating economic woes.

Tourism in Djenné has all but vanished, devastating local economies. Former tour guide Kola Bah, who once supported his family and livestock through tourism, now relies on selling cattle to make ends meet. The decline in visitors also affects the annual replastering ritual of the Grand Mosque, a vital cultural event.

Sidi Keita, head of Mali’s national tourism agency, highlights the stark drop in tourists, while Moussa Moriba Diakité of Djenné’s cultural mission points to additional challenges such as illegal excavations and trash disposal. Efforts to involve youth in heritage preservation are ongoing, but the security situation remains a significant deterrent.

In the short term, Djenné faces continued economic hardship and cultural erosion. Long-term impacts could include the loss of traditional practices and further deterioration of historical sites. The political instability in Mali, coupled with militant activities, poses ongoing threats to regional stability and heritage conservation.

For Djenné to recover, concerted efforts are needed to restore security and revive tourism. International support for peacekeeping and heritage preservation could play crucial roles. Additionally, promoting local involvement in cultural activities and developing alternative economic opportunities may help mitigate the crisis.

In conclusion, Djenné’s plight underscores the broader challenges facing Mali, highlighting the need for sustainable solutions to preserve its rich cultural heritage and support its people amid ongoing conflict.

Analysis

Somaliland: A Goldmine of Renewable Energy and Rare Earth Minerals Poised to Transform the Region

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Somaliland, an unrecognized state in the Horn of Africa, is emerging as a hidden gem with vast potential in renewable energy and rare earth minerals. Covering 85% of its territory, Somaliland boasts one of the highest wind and solar energy potentials globally, setting the stage for a green energy revolution.

Somaliland’s renewable energy prospects are nothing short of extraordinary. The country’s vast wind and solar resources make it an ideal candidate for large-scale renewable energy projects. Imagine an entire nation being described as a “giant renewable energy playground”—that’s Somaliland. This abundant potential offers a unique opportunity to harness clean energy, reduce carbon emissions, and provide sustainable power to millions.

In an inspiring example of local innovation, an engineer from Somaliland has designed a wind turbine and windmill from scrap metal. This initiative demonstrates the ingenuity and resourcefulness of the local population, and plans are already in place to scale up these projects. Such grassroots efforts underscore the feasibility of harnessing Somaliland’s renewable energy potential using locally sourced materials and expertise.

Beyond its renewable energy assets, Somaliland is also rumored to be sitting on a treasure trove of rare earth minerals, including lithium. Lithium is a critical component in the production of batteries for electric vehicles (EVs), making it essential for the future of green technology. This positions Somaliland not just as a player in renewable energy but also in the global supply chain for EV batteries.

Recent reports suggest that a Taiwanese company has discovered significant lithium deposits in Somaliland. This discovery could potentially turn Somaliland into a major competitor in the lithium market, challenging dominant players like China. The phrase “Move over, China, Somaliland is coming for your lithium crown!” captures the potential shift in the global lithium landscape.

The dual potential of renewable energy and rare earth minerals presents a game-changing opportunity for Somaliland. The development of wind and solar farms could provide reliable and sustainable electricity to the region, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and lowering greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, the extraction and processing of lithium and other rare earth minerals could drive economic growth, create jobs, and position Somaliland as a key player in the green energy sector.

Somaliland’s long coastline, rich in fish and other marine resources, further enhances its economic prospects. Combined with its untapped mineral wealth, Somaliland has all the ingredients to become a leader in the green energy revolution.

However, realizing this potential will require significant investment in infrastructure, technology, and education. The government of Somaliland, along with international partners, must work together to create a conducive environment for investment and development. This includes building the necessary infrastructure to support large-scale renewable energy projects and ensuring sustainable and responsible mining practices for rare earth minerals.

Moreover, political stability and international recognition remain key challenges. Somaliland’s unrecognized status complicates its ability to attract international investment and secure funding for large-scale projects. Addressing these issues through diplomatic efforts and regional cooperation will be crucial for unlocking Somaliland’s full potential.

Somaliland stands at the brink of a transformative era with its immense renewable energy resources and rare earth mineral deposits. The combination of wind and solar energy potential with significant lithium reserves positions the region as a future leader in the green energy sector.

As Somaliland continues to develop its renewable energy infrastructure and rare earth mineral extraction capabilities, it could become a beacon of sustainable development and economic growth in the Horn of Africa. With strategic planning, investment, and international support, Somaliland is poised to take the renewable energy stage by storm and pave the way for a greener, more prosperous future.

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Analysis

Somalia Urges Peacekeeper Withdrawal Delay Amidst Al Shabaab Resurgence Concerns

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As Somalia grapples with the persistent threat of al Shabaab militants, the Somali government is urgently seeking to slow the withdrawal of African Union peacekeepers. This request, highlighted in documents reviewed by Reuters, underscores the fears of a potential security vacuum that could embolden the Islamist insurgency.

The African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) is set to complete its withdrawal by December 31, 2024. However, Somalia’s government has requested to delay the withdrawal of half of the 4,000 troops slated to leave by the end of June until September. This plea, contained in a letter to the acting chair of the African Union Peace and Security Council, reflects deep concerns over the readiness of Somali forces to fill the impending security gap.

A joint assessment by the Somali government and the AU in March, reviewed by Reuters, warned that a rapid drawdown of ATMIS personnel could lead to a dangerous security vacuum. “I’ve never been more concerned about the direction of my home country,” expressed Mursal Khalif, an independent member of Somalia’s defense committee.

The European Union and the United States, primary funders of the AU force, have been keen on reducing the peacekeeping mission due to sustainability and long-term financing issues. The complexities of negotiating a new force with a robust mandate acceptable to all parties, including Somalia, have proven challenging. Diplomatic sources indicate that a heated political dispute could lead Ethiopia, a key contributor of battle-hardened troops, to reconsider its involvement.

The call for a smaller force likely reflects the views of nationalists within Somalia who oppose a heavy foreign presence. “The AU and Somalia’s government have emphasized the importance of a conditions-based drawdown to prevent any security vacuum,” said Mohamed El-Amine Souef, AU special representative to Somalia and head of ATMIS.

Neighboring countries like Uganda and Kenya, which have contributed troops to the mission, share Somalia’s concerns. Henry Okello Oryem, Uganda’s state minister of foreign affairs, warned against a hasty withdrawal reminiscent of the U.S. pullout from Afghanistan, fearing a similar collapse. “We do not want to get into a situation where we are fleeing,” he said.

Recent military setbacks in Somalia have compounded these worries. In August, al Shabaab counter-attacked in the town of Cowsweyne, killing scores of soldiers and beheading civilians. This attack underscored the militants’ resilience and the Somali army’s vulnerabilities, despite previous territorial gains.

The potential withdrawal of peacekeepers poses significant risks. Somalia’s army, estimated at around 32,000 soldiers, faces a shortage of about 11,000 trained personnel. While the government claims its soldiers can confront al Shabaab with limited external support, ongoing external assistance remains crucial. The United States, for instance, maintains around 450 troops in Somalia for training and advisory roles, alongside conducting regular drone strikes.

International support for Somalia has been substantial. The U.S. has spent over $2.5 billion on counterterrorism assistance since 2007, while the EU has provided about $2.8 billion to ATMIS and its predecessor missions. However, resources are increasingly strained, with the EU shifting towards bilateral support and the U.S. grappling with competing priorities, including Ukraine and Gaza.

As Somalia navigates this precarious phase, the international community must balance the need for Somali self-reliance with the reality of al Shabaab’s persistent threat. Delaying the withdrawal of peacekeepers could provide the necessary time for Somali forces to strengthen and stabilize. However, the complexities of international funding and regional politics add layers of uncertainty to an already volatile situation.

The upcoming discussions at the Peace and Security Council will be pivotal in shaping the future of Somalia’s security landscape and its ongoing battle against terrorism.

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Analysis

Putin’s Visit to North Korea: More Than Just a Diplomatic Gesture

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When North Korean leader Kim Jong Un visited Russia in September, the focus was clear: strengthen military ties. Kim’s tour included inspecting advanced Russian military equipment, such as fighter jets and strategic bombers, and a visit to the Vostochny Cosmodrome with President Vladimir Putin, where Russia pledged support for North Korea’s satellite program. As Putin prepares for his visit to North Korea, experts predict more substantial agreements could be on the horizon.

During Kim’s visit to Russia, he was given a close look at some of the country’s most advanced military technology, highlighting the growing defense cooperation between the two nations. Despite no formal agreements being announced at that time, analysts believe Putin’s upcoming visit could solidify these military ties.

Alexey Muraviev, an expert on national security from Curtin University, suggests that Putin’s trip will likely result in more than just diplomatic pleasantries. He anticipates concrete outcomes that will enhance the burgeoning military cooperation between Russia and North Korea.

The visit underscores a significant shift in the geopolitical landscape. Russia, facing international sanctions and isolation due to its actions in Ukraine, finds a strategic ally in North Korea. This partnership allows both countries to counter Western influence and assert their military capabilities. Kim Jong Un has been vocal in his support for Russia’s actions in Ukraine, and there is evidence of North Korean weapons being used in the conflict.

Beyond military ties, economic cooperation is also a key area of focus. North Korea, grappling with severe economic challenges, benefits from Russian support in terms of food and energy supplies. Russia, in return, gains a foothold in the Korean Peninsula, further diversifying its strategic partnerships.

Artyom Lukin, a professor at Russia’s Far Eastern Federal University, points out that both countries might find ways to navigate around U.N. sanctions to enhance economic ties. For instance, sending North Korean laborers to Russia could be a potential area of cooperation, despite the existing sanctions.

The deepening relationship between Russia and North Korea could significantly impact regional dynamics in Northeast Asia. This partnership challenges U.S. efforts to isolate North Korea and could lead to increased tensions in the region. South Korea and Japan, key U.S. allies, are particularly concerned about the implications of this growing alliance.

In a recent emergency phone call, senior U.S. and South Korean diplomats warned against any actions during Putin’s visit that could violate U.N. Security Council resolutions. These resolutions restrict a wide range of economic and military interactions with North Korea, aimed at curbing its nuclear ambitions.

The potential outcomes of Putin’s visit to North Korea are numerous. If the visit results in formal agreements, it could mark a new chapter in Russia-North Korea relations, characterized by deeper military and economic cooperation. This could further complicate the international sanctions regime and challenge the strategic balance in the region.

Alexey Muraviev suggests that while Russia may continue to outwardly comply with U.N. sanctions, it might find subtle ways to support North Korea, similar to China’s approach. This nuanced strategy allows Russia to maintain its stance as a responsible international actor while still advancing its strategic interests.

The forthcoming visit of Vladimir Putin to North Korea is a significant event that goes beyond mere diplomatic formalities. It is likely to result in enhanced military and economic cooperation, further solidifying the partnership between the two countries. As the global community watches closely, the outcomes of this visit could have far-reaching implications for regional security and international relations.

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Analysis

Anti-Muslim Hate Groups in the U.S. Resurge Amid Israel-Hamas Conflict

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Hate Groups Reinvigorated by Geopolitical Tensions, Return to Core Anti-Muslim Agendas

In the United States, anti-Muslim hate groups, once receding into the background, have resurfaced prominently due to the recent Israel-Hamas war in Gaza. This resurgence highlights the volatile nature of hate group activities, which are often fueled by geopolitical events.

Historical Context and Recent Developments

Post-9/11 America saw the emergence of several anti-Muslim groups like Jihad Watch and ACT for America. These groups capitalized on widespread fears of terrorism. However, their influence waned in recent years, with the number of active groups dropping from a peak of 114 in 2017 to 34 in 2022 .

This decline seemed to plateau early in 2023, with SPLC senior research analyst Caleb Kieffer noting a significant drop in Islamophobic activities. However, the October 7 Hamas assault on Israel, which resulted in about 1,200 deaths, rekindled these groups’ agendas, pushing them back into the spotlight .

Revitalization of Anti-Muslim Rhetoric

Anti-Muslim groups quickly reverted to their foundational messages post-October 7. Organizations like ACT for America, which had shifted focus to issues such as critical race theory and LGBTQ-inclusive policies, returned to anti-Muslim rhetoric. The group, founded by Brigitte Gabriel, launched petitions to prevent Palestinian refugees from entering the U.S. and circulated fearmongering content about domestic jihadi cells .

Similarly, Jihad Watch, led by Robert Spencer, intensified its anti-Muslim messaging. The group, along with affiliated platforms like FrontPage Magazine, emphasized narratives portraying Islam as fundamentally violent, thus re-igniting anti-Muslim sentiments among their followers .

Organizational Roles and Dynamics

These groups function within a well-funded, interconnected network, each playing distinct roles. ACT for America provides grassroots mobilization, while the Center for Security Policy acts as a think tank. The David Horowitz Freedom Center, which runs Jihad Watch, supports these efforts through ideological and financial means .

Responses to Designation and Methodologies

Groups like ACT for America and Jihad Watch have contested their designation as hate groups by the SPLC, arguing that their activities are misrepresented and unfairly labeled. They claim their efforts are patriotic and necessary for national security. However, the SPLC maintains that their designations are based on clear criteria, including the vilification and demonization of Islam and Muslims .

Implications and Future Outlook

The resurgence of anti-Muslim hate groups is intertwined with broader social and political dynamics. With the Israel-Hamas conflict ongoing, these groups are likely to maintain heightened activities. However, as the presidential election approaches, it is anticipated that these groups might shift focus again to other polarizing issues.

Criminologist Brian Levin points out that despite the decrease in the number of organized hate groups, anti-Muslim hate crimes have increased. This suggests that mainstream platforms and social media have become new venues for spreading xenophobic and conspiratorial content, making traditional hate groups somewhat redundant .

Conclusion

The Israel-Hamas conflict has catalyzed a notable resurgence of anti-Muslim hate groups in the U.S. Their renewed activities reflect the enduring impact of geopolitical events on domestic hate group dynamics. As these groups continue to adapt and evolve, their influence on public discourse and hate crime patterns warrants close monitoring and proactive countermeasures.

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Analysis

FBI Director Christopher Wray’s Visit to Kenya – Strengthening Security Ties and Cooperation

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Christopher Wray’s Five-Day Trip Focuses on Counterterrorism, Cybercrime, and Corruption

FBI Director Christopher Wray’s recent visit to Kenya marks a significant step in enhancing bilateral security cooperation. Spanning five days, the visit involved high-level meetings with top Kenyan security officials and site visits to key locations affected by terrorism. This analysis delves into the strategic implications and outcomes of Wray’s trip.

Key Objectives of the Visit

Wray’s visit aimed to bolster the long-standing partnership between the FBI and Kenyan security agencies. The discussions centered on critical areas such as counterterrorism, cybercrime, and anti-corruption. Wray emphasized the importance of these collaborations in ensuring regional stability and addressing emerging security threats.

Strategic Meetings and Site Visits

During his stay, Wray held meetings with prominent Kenyan security leaders, including:

National Intelligence Service Director General Noordin Haji

Director of Criminal Investigations Mohamed Amin

Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC) CEO Twalib Mbarak

Director of Public Prosecutions Mulele Ingonga

These discussions underscored the mutual commitment to combating terrorism and corruption, with a particular focus on enhancing operational capabilities through training and the provision of advanced investigative tools.

Wray also visited significant sites such as the DusitD2 Complex, the location of a deadly 2019 terrorist attack, to witness firsthand the impact of terrorism on Kenya.

Cybercrime and Counterterrorism

Cybercrime and terrorism were at the forefront of the discussions. The FBI and Kenyan agencies have a history of cooperation in these areas, with the FBI providing specialized training and tools to Kenyan investigators. Wray’s visit highlighted the ongoing efforts to enhance this collaboration, including the establishment of a Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) with Kenya.

The FBI’s commitment to supporting Kenyan investigators was further demonstrated by the upcoming undercover training for over a dozen Kenyan investigators at the FBI Academy in Virginia.

Anti-Corruption Efforts

Anti-corruption was another critical focus, with Wray and EACC officials exploring ways to strengthen their partnership. This includes leveraging FBI expertise to enhance the EACC’s investigative capabilities and support asset recovery efforts. The exchange of information between the agencies aims to trace and recover assets acquired through corruption.

Outcomes and Future Cooperation

Wray’s visit reinforced the strong ties between the FBI and Kenyan security agencies, setting the stage for continued cooperation. The strategic discussions and site visits highlighted the mutual benefits of this partnership in addressing shared security challenges.

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Analysis

Russian Warships in the Caribbean – Strategic Implications and Regional Reactions

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As Russian warships enter the Caribbean, the implications for regional stability and US-Russian relations come into sharp focus.

The recent entry of Russian warships into the Caribbean Sea marks a significant moment in global geopolitics. This deployment, amidst escalating tensions due to the war in Ukraine and Western support for Kyiv, represents Russia’s strategic posturing and its message to the United States and its allies. The presence of these warships in the Caribbean, a region historically influenced by the United States, indicates a broader geopolitical maneuvering by Moscow.

The deployment of Russian naval vessels, including a nuclear-powered submarine (albeit without nuclear weapons), underscores Russia’s intent to project power far beyond its traditional sphere of influence. This mission is not just a routine naval exercise but a calculated move to remind the United States of its vulnerabilities in its own hemisphere.

Benjamin Gedan of the Wilson Center notes that this is a pointed response to US involvement in Ukraine, intended to signal that Russia can exert influence in America’s “near abroad” . The timing is also crucial, coming shortly after President Biden authorized Ukraine to use US-provided weapons to strike inside Russia.

Russia’s long-standing alliances with Cuba and Venezuela provide strategic footholds in the Caribbean. Both countries have had a history of military and economic cooperation with Russia. The presence of Russian warships in Havana and potentially in Venezuelan ports signifies a reinforcement of these alliances.

For Cuba, this visit follows a historical pattern of military cooperation dating back to the Cold War. The Cuban government has been vocal in its support of Russia regarding the Ukraine conflict, as highlighted by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s recent visit and statements .

Venezuela’s situation is more complex. The country’s political turmoil, economic crisis, and upcoming elections add layers to this development. Analysts, like Ryan Berg from the Center for Strategic and International Studies, suggest that Venezuela might leverage this military presence to bolster President Nicolás Maduro’s position amidst electoral uncertainties and regional disputes, such as the territorial conflict with Guyana .

While the US administration downplays the immediate threat posed by these warships, labeling the port calls as “routine naval visits,” the strategic implications are significant. The presence of Russian naval assets in the Western Hemisphere requires the US to maintain a heightened state of alert, diverting attention and resources that might otherwise be focused on other global hotspots .

The exercises also highlight the shifting dynamics in US-Russian relations, where each side is probing the other’s responses and resilience. For the US, this is a reminder of the necessity to reinforce alliances in Latin America and the Caribbean, ensuring that its influence remains strong in a region historically considered within its sphere of influence.

The deployment raises several questions about future geopolitical alignments and the potential for increased military engagements in the region. Key considerations include:

Potential Escalation: If the presence of Russian warships leads to heightened military activities, there could be a risk of incidents or misunderstandings that escalate into broader conflicts.

Impact on Elections: In Venezuela, the presence of Russian forces might be used to manipulate or delay the electoral process, impacting regional stability.

US Countermeasures: The US might increase its military presence and engagement in the region, potentially leading to a renewed focus on Latin America and the Caribbean in its foreign policy strategy.

Conclusion

The entry of Russian warships into the Caribbean is a bold move that underscores the complex and evolving nature of global geopolitics. While the immediate threat may be downplayed, the strategic implications for US interests and regional stability are profound. This development serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness of global conflicts and the importance of vigilance and strategic foresight in maintaining geopolitical stability.

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US intelligence assesses Houthis in Yemen in talks to provide weapons to al-Shabaab in Somalia, officials say

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Houthi Talks to Supply Weapons to Al-Shabaab: A Growing Threat

Recent US intelligence reports indicate that the Houthi rebels in Yemen are engaged in discussions to supply weapons to the Somali militant group al-Shabaab. This potential collaboration, although ideologically unusual, is seen as a significant threat to regional stability.

Geopolitical Implications

The Houthis and al-Shabaab, despite their sectarian differences, share a common enemy in the United States. The Houthis, predominantly Zaydi Shiites, and al-Shabaab, a Sunni extremist group, are separated only by the Gulf of Aden. This strategic alliance could exacerbate conflicts in Somalia and the Red Sea, with both groups leveraging each other’s strengths against US interests.

Potential Iranian Involvement

While Iran supports the Houthis militarily and financially, it is unclear whether Tehran is directly involved in this potential arms deal. If Iran’s involvement is confirmed, it would fit their broader strategy of supporting proxy groups to counter US and Western influence.

Military and Security Concerns

Al-Shabaab’s current arsenal is limited to small arms and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Acquiring advanced weaponry from the Houthis, such as drones or short-range ballistic missiles, could significantly enhance their operational capabilities. This development is particularly alarming for US and allied forces in the region.

Impact on Yemen Peace Efforts

The potential arms deal could undermine the fragile ceasefire between the Houthis and Saudi Arabia, complicating peace efforts and destabilizing the region further. The United Nations’ roadmap for lasting peace in Yemen may be jeopardized if the Houthis continue to engage in such destabilizing activities.

International Response

US officials have been actively discussing these developments with regional allies, emphasizing the seriousness of the potential Houthi-al-Shabaab cooperation. The US has approximately 480 troops in Somalia, conducting counterterrorism operations against both al-Shabaab and ISIS.

In summary, the potential arms deal between the Houthis and al-Shabaab represents a critical security challenge, highlighting the complex interplay of local conflicts and international geopolitics. The situation requires close monitoring and coordinated international efforts to mitigate the risks associated with this emerging threat.

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Analysis

A New Dawn for Somaliland: Global Recognition Expected by June 2024

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Somaliland’s Historic Recognition: The Triumph of Resilience Over Somali Oppression

Somaliland is poised for historic recognition by Ethiopia and 12 other African nations in June 2024, ending decades of international oversight and celebrating its resilience and democratic governance.

Somaliland, a region that has fought for its independence and recognition for 33 long years, is finally on the verge of achieving its rightful status on the global stage. In June 2024, Ethiopia and 12 other African nations are set to recognize Somaliland as an independent state. This monumental decision will not only validate the resilience of the Somaliland people but will also mark a significant shift in the political landscape of the Horn of Africa.

The Struggle for Recognition

Since its unilateral declaration of independence from Somalia in 1991, following the collapse of the Siad Barre regime, Somaliland has built a stable, democratic state. It has held multiple peaceful transitions of power, maintained robust security measures, and fostered economic development. Despite these achievements, the international community, influenced by the complex geopolitics of the region and Somalia’s vehement opposition, has consistently denied Somaliland formal recognition.

The MoU between Ethiopia and the Republic of Somaliland, which grants Ethiopia leasing rights to Somaliland’s Red Sea coastline in exchange for recognition, has been a critical step in this journey. This agreement highlights Somaliland’s strategic importance and its potential to contribute significantly to regional security and economic stability. President Muse Bihi Abdi has emphasized that this accord could secure freedom of navigation in the Red Sea, a vital maritime route often threatened by regional conflicts .

Somaliland’s Triumphs

Somaliland’s resilience is deeply rooted in its history. During the 1930s, Somaliland, alongside the UK, resisted Mussolini’s fascist forces, demonstrating a commitment to democracy and security that continues to this day. Unlike Somalia, which has been plagued by internal conflicts, terrorist activities, and a weak central government, Somaliland has developed robust institutions and maintained peace and order within its borders.

This stark contrast is evident in the way the two regions handle governance and security. While Mogadishu struggles with al-Shabab insurgencies and political instability, Somaliland has managed to conduct free and fair elections and uphold democratic principles. This stability has attracted positive attention from international observers, further strengthening its case for recognition.

The Implications of Recognition

Recognizing Somaliland would not only reward its sustained stability and democratic progress but also set a precedent for resolving conflicts in Africa through peaceful and democratic means. It would send a powerful message that resilience, good governance, and adherence to democratic principles are valued and rewarded in the international community.

Moreover, Somaliland’s recognition could have significant economic and security implications. The region’s strategic location along the Red Sea makes it a valuable partner in ensuring maritime security and fostering regional trade. The recent agreement with Ethiopia is a testament to this potential, promising enhanced cooperation and economic benefits for both parties.

Somalia’s Jealousy and the International Community’s Bias

Mogadishu’s vehement rejection of the MOU with Ethiopia stems from a deep-seated jealousy and the inability to match Somaliland’s achievements in governance and statecraft. Analysts suggest that Somalia’s objections are not just about territorial integrity but also about the stark contrast in governance between the two regions. Somaliland’s ability to negotiate and secure international agreements reflects its advanced statecraft, which Mogadishu finds difficult to compete with.

The international community, particularly the United Nations, has been criticized for its harsh stance against Somaliland while continuing to support Somalia. This bias has hindered Somaliland’s quest for recognition, despite its clear progress and stability. However, the impending recognition by Ethiopia and other African nations signals a shift in this narrative, acknowledging Somaliland’s rightful place in the global community .

Conclusion

As Somaliland stands on the brink of international recognition, it is a moment of celebration and vindication for its people. Their resilience, democratic governance, and unwavering commitment to peace and stability have finally borne fruit. The recognition expected in June 2024 will not only elevate Somaliland’s status but also serve as a beacon of hope for other regions striving for independence and democratic governance.

How Somaliland’s Recent MOU with Ethiopia and Somalia’s Decline Highlight the Case for Recognition

Ethiopia and Somaliland’s $80 Billion Red Sea Port Agreement to Revolutionize Regional Trade

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