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Empowering Africa’s Economic Future: The Significance of the Digital Trade Protocol

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In an increasingly digital world, the importance of trade protocols cannot be overstated, especially for regions like Africa striving for economic growth and integration into the global marketplace. Recently, the spotlight has been on Africa’s Digital Trade Protocol, a groundbreaking initiative designed to streamline cross-border trade, foster innovation, and drive economic development across the continent.

Understanding Africa’s Digital Trade Protocol

The Africa Digital Trade Protocol (ADTP) is a landmark agreement aimed at facilitating digital trade and e-commerce within Africa and beyond. Spearheaded by the African Union, this protocol seeks to create a harmonized framework for digital transactions, data governance, and online commerce, addressing key challenges and unlocking new opportunities for businesses and consumers alike.

Key Components of the ADTP

  1. Data Governance and Protection: One of the primary objectives of the ADTP is to establish robust data governance mechanisms to safeguard personal information, promote data security, and build trust in online transactions. By outlining clear guidelines for data handling, storage, and sharing, the protocol aims to enhance consumer confidence and facilitate cross-border data flows essential for digital trade.
  2. Trade Facilitation and Customs Procedures: The ADTP endeavors to streamline trade processes and customs procedures, reducing bureaucratic barriers and inefficiencies that hinder the smooth flow of goods and services across borders. Through digitalization and automation, the protocol aims to expedite customs clearance, improve transparency, and minimize delays, thereby enhancing the competitiveness of African businesses in the global market.
  3. E-Commerce Regulation and Consumer Protection: With the exponential growth of e-commerce in Africa, the ADTP seeks to establish clear regulatory frameworks to govern online transactions and protect the rights of consumers. By addressing issues such as fraud, counterfeit goods, and dispute resolution, the protocol aims to foster a secure and conducive environment for digital commerce, encouraging greater participation from both businesses and consumers.
  4. Digital Infrastructure and Connectivity: Recognizing the importance of digital infrastructure in driving economic growth, the ADTP emphasizes the need for investment in broadband connectivity, ICT infrastructure, and digital literacy programs. By bridging the digital divide and expanding access to affordable internet services, the protocol aims to unlock the full potential of digital trade and innovation across Africa.

Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

While the Africa Digital Trade Protocol holds immense promise, several challenges must be addressed to ensure its effective implementation and widespread adoption:

  • Capacity Building: Enhancing digital literacy and technical skills among stakeholders is crucial to maximize the benefits of the ADTP and overcome barriers to digital trade adoption.
  • Interoperability and Standards: Harmonizing technical standards and interoperability frameworks is essential to facilitate seamless data exchange and interoperability across diverse digital platforms and systems.
  • Cybersecurity and Data Privacy: Strengthening cybersecurity measures and data protection regulations is paramount to safeguarding sensitive information and mitigating cyber threats in the digital trade ecosystem.
  • Inclusive Participation: Ensuring the inclusive participation of all stakeholders, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), women entrepreneurs, and marginalized communities, is critical to harnessing the full potential of digital trade for inclusive economic growth and development.

In conclusion, the Africa Digital Trade Protocol represents a significant milestone in the continent’s journey towards harnessing the transformative power of digital technologies for economic empowerment and global connectivity. By addressing key challenges and fostering collaboration among governments, businesses, and civil society, the ADTP has the potential to unlock new opportunities, drive innovation, and propel Africa towards a prosperous digital future. However, concerted efforts are needed to overcome existing barriers and ensure the successful implementation of the protocol, ultimately realizing its vision of a digitally-enabled and inclusive Africa.

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Kenyan President Dismisses Most of Cabinet Amid Protests

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Kenyan President William Ruto Reshapes Cabinet Amid Widespread Protests

Kenyan President William Ruto has dismissed nearly all his cabinet members in response to ongoing protests sparked by proposed tax hikes. The protests have escalated into demands for the removal of allegedly corrupt and underperforming ministers. In a decisive move, Ruto retained only his foreign affairs ministers, emphasizing the need for a broad-based government to address the country’s challenges.

Kenyan president warns of huge consequences over debt plan failure

Ruto’s decision follows violent clashes between protesters and police, resulting in at least 41 deaths. Demonstrations were initially triggered by a controversial finance bill proposing tax increases, which Ruto later declined to sign after protesters stormed parliament.

Political Shifts Beneath Kenya’s Deadly “Gen Z” Protests

Activist Boniface Mwangi welcomed the cabinet dismissal, calling it the beginning of significant change. Mwangi criticized Ruto’s governance style, accusing him of holding parliament hostage and running the country unilaterally. Mwangi expressed optimism that this shake-up could signal the end of incompetent governance.

However, the government warned that without additional tax revenue, essential programs and foreign loan payments would suffer. Critics argue that existing revenue is mismanaged due to rampant corruption.

Kenyan President Bows to Pressure, Makes Major Concessions

Political commentator Martin Andati noted that Ruto’s attempts to control parliament and other institutions would face resistance from an increasingly assertive populace. He stressed the importance of adhering to the constitution and allowing institutional checks and balances to function effectively.

Kenya braces as new protests erupt against tax hikes

In a sign of continuing unrest, protesters have planned more demonstrations to address police brutality and other grievances. The protests, characterized by a tribeless and leaderless movement, reflect deep-seated frustrations with the current administration and a demand for accountability.

Kenya in Chaos: Police Open Fire on Protesters Storming Parliament

Kenyan Tax Hikes Ignite Fierce Protests: Calls for President Ruto’s Resignation Intensify

 

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Political Shifts Beneath Kenya’s Deadly “Gen Z” Protests

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Young Kenyans Lead a Movement Against Corruption and Injustice Amid Violent Clashes

For weeks, Kenya has been engulfed in protest. Demonstrators, angered by President William Ruto’s tax policies, faced a ruthless response from security forces, resulting in 39 deaths, most occurring in Nairobi on June 25th. Protesters briefly overran Parliament, setting part of it ablaze, and looting broke out in various towns. The government blames opportunist criminals, while protesters accuse state-backed provocateurs.

Unlike previous demonstrations, these are led by young, educated Kenyans, untainted by political or tribal loyalties. Their fight against corruption, injustice, and inequality has united rather than divided the populace. The protests echo those of their parents’ generation, who successfully demanded an end to dictatorship in 1990. The impact of these “Gen Z protests” could be equally significant. Ruto’s administration has been weakened, leading to a retreat on tax policies, but whether this leads to lasting political change depends on future actions.

Ruto’s challenge is to stabilize Kenya’s finances. He inherited a substantial debt from his predecessor and faced rising borrowing costs. His attempt to increase taxes to manage public debt, which stands at 68% of GDP, ignited the protests. Critics have nicknamed him “Zakayo,” after the biblical tax collector Zacchaeus, reflecting public disdain for his fiscal policies.

Kenya’s economic troubles are not unique. Similar to Greece’s financial crisis in 2009, Kenya accumulated debt when borrowing was cheap, ignoring fiscal prudence. Now, with a $2.7 billion budget deficit and the need to cut spending and raise borrowing, Ruto’s legislative agenda appears stalled. His supporters in Parliament face backlash from angry constituents, casting doubt on his political future.

Beyond fiscal grievances, the protests are driven by deeper issues like corruption and unemployment. Kenya’s youth, more educated than ever, face a grim job market, with 67% of those under 34 unemployed. Their frustration is exacerbated by the conspicuous wealth of Ruto’s allies, which starkly contrasts with their own struggles.

John Githongo, a former anti-corruption official, notes that the finance bill was merely a trigger; the real issue is the regime’s extravagant spending. MPs who supported the tax hikes are now pariahs, with their offices, businesses, and homes attacked, and congregations walking out during their speeches.

Protesters demand an end to nepotism and political corruption. Ruto has taken steps, such as cutting state funding for his wife and limiting special advisers, but these may be insufficient. The practice of community fundraising drives, or harambees, encourages corruption, with politicians flaunting their wealth to prove their capability to provide financial support. Ruto’s ban on public officials participating in harambees might not endure, as these drives are crucial for many citizens.

To regain public trust, Ruto must address corruption effectively. Kenyans want their leaders to prevent corruption rather than merely mitigate its effects through charity. If Ruto heeds this call, he might still secure his position and lead Kenya through these turbulent times.

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PM Abiy Ahmed Visits Port Sudan Amid Ongoing Conflict

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Ethiopian Prime Minister seeks to stabilize war-torn Sudan during critical visit to relocated government headquarters.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia has arrived in Port Sudan for an official visit, according to state media reports. This trip comes as part of Abiy’s continued efforts to stabilize neighboring Sudan, which has been embroiled in a brutal civil war since April 15, 2023. The conflict pits the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), led by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, against the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF).

Following the outbreak of hostilities, Sudan’s military government and various international organizations have relocated their headquarters from Khartoum to Port Sudan. This strategic move is aimed at maintaining governance and coordination amid the chaos. In a brief statement, the Ethiopian prime minister’s office remarked, “The visit is a further step in Prime Minister Abiy’s efforts to stabilize Sudan.”

Humanitarian Crisis in Sudan Escalates Amid Looming Famine

During a recent address to lawmakers, Prime Minister Abiy emphasized Ethiopia’s neutral stance and commitment to peaceful mediation. “We were trying to resolve the issues between two warring parties peacefully while remaining neutral,” he said.

Sudan’s ongoing conflict has led to devastating humanitarian consequences. The fighting has claimed an estimated 13,000 to 15,000 lives and left 33,000 injured. The violence has also caused massive displacement, with over 7.7 million people forced to flee their homes within Sudan and more than 2.1 million seeking refuge in neighboring countries.

Abiy’s visit to Port Sudan is seen as a crucial diplomatic move. By engaging directly with Sudanese authorities and other stakeholders, he aims to foster dialogue and pave the way for a ceasefire. His efforts come at a time when Sudan desperately needs stability to address its humanitarian crisis and prevent further escalation of violence.

What’s Sudan like after 15 months of war, displacement, and inhumanity?

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s role as a mediator highlights the interconnectedness of regional stability in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia, sharing a long border with Sudan, has a vested interest in ensuring peace. The ongoing conflict poses significant risks, including potential spillover effects that could destabilize neighboring countries.

The relocation of Sudan’s government to Port Sudan underscores the severity of the situation in Khartoum. Once a bustling capital, Khartoum has become a battleground, with its infrastructure and civilian population bearing the brunt of the conflict. International organizations have also moved to Port Sudan, seeking a safer environment to continue their humanitarian efforts.

Abiy’s diplomatic mission aligns with broader international efforts to bring peace to Sudan. Various countries and international bodies have been working to mediate between the SAF and RSF, but progress has been slow. The complex dynamics of the conflict, with deep-seated political and ethnic divisions, present significant challenges to achieving a lasting resolution.

The Ethiopian prime minister’s visit may serve as a catalyst for renewed diplomatic initiatives. By leveraging Ethiopia’s influence and regional ties, Abiy hopes to create a platform for constructive dialogue between the warring factions. His neutral stance and emphasis on peaceful resolution reflect a pragmatic approach to conflict mediation.

As Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed engages in discussions in Port Sudan, the world watches closely. The outcome of his visit could have far-reaching implications for the future of Sudan and the stability of the entire Horn of Africa. With millions of lives affected by the conflict, the urgency for a peaceful resolution has never been greater.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s efforts in Sudan represent a critical step towards addressing one of the region’s most pressing crises. His commitment to peace and stability resonates beyond Ethiopia, offering a glimmer of hope amid the turmoil in Sudan. The international community must continue to support such diplomatic endeavors, recognizing that the path to peace requires sustained effort, dialogue, and cooperation.

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A Deep Dive into the Roots of Sudan’s Civil War and Its Impact on Regional Stability

Understanding the Urgency: Why the World Must Pay Closer Attention to Sudan

Sudan’s Silent Suffering: A Year into Generals’ War

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Africa

Niger, Mali, and Burkina Faso Forge New Alliance, Rejecting ECOWAS and Western Influence

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Military leaders of Niger, Mali, and Burkina Faso sign a confederation treaty, distancing themselves from ECOWAS and Western allies.

In a dramatic departure from traditional alliances, the military leaders of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger have signed a groundbreaking treaty, marking a significant shift away from their regional and Western allies. This move, finalized during a summit in Niamey on Saturday, further cements the mutual defense pact established last year under the Alliance of Sahel States (AES). The summit was a historic first for the leaders—Niger’s General Abdourahmane Tchiani, Burkina Faso’s Captain Ibrahim Traore, and Mali’s Colonel Assimi Goita—who have all come to power through successive coups in their bordering West African nations.

The signing of the confederation treaty comes just months after these nations withdrew from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a regional bloc they have increasingly viewed as a threat. ECOWAS had suspended the three countries following their respective military takeovers—Niger in July 2023, Burkina Faso in September 2022, and Mali in August 2021. ECOWAS also imposed sanctions on Niger and Mali, although bloc leaders have held out hope for their eventual return. Yet, Tchiani’s remarks at the summit were unequivocal: “We are going to create an AES of the peoples, instead of an ECOWAS whose directives and instructions are dictated by powers foreign to Africa.”

Burkina Faso’s Traore echoed this sentiment, accusing foreign powers, particularly former colonial ruler France, of exploitation. “Westerners consider that we belong to them and our wealth also belongs to them. They think that they are the ones who must continue to tell us what is good for our states,” Traore stated. “This era is gone forever. Our resources will remain for us and our populations.”

Mali’s Goita emphasized the solidarity within this new alliance, declaring, “An attack on one of us will be an attack on all the other members.”

This meeting in Niamey strategically preceded an ECOWAS gathering in Nigeria’s capital, Abuja, where discussions on mediating the countries’ return to the bloc were expected. Al Jazeera’s Ahmed Idris noted that the timing was likely intended to counter ECOWAS initiatives and affirm the trio’s stance against returning to the bloc. Despite recent informal diplomatic efforts by Senegal’s newly elected President Bassirou Diomaye Faye to mend ties, the outcome remains uncertain.

Adama Gaye, a political commentator and former ECOWAS communications director, remarked that the creation of the AES has indeed weakened the economic bloc. He criticized ECOWAS for its failures in achieving regional integration, promoting intra-African trade, and ensuring security, suggesting that the bloc needs a comprehensive reinvention and renewed diplomatic engagement to bridge this growing rift.

The Niamey summit underscored a significant shift in security alignments, coming a day before the United States was set to complete its withdrawal from a key base in Niger. This development highlighted the region’s ongoing instability, with armed groups linked to al-Qaeda and ISIL jockeying for control and causing widespread violence. Following the coups, the three nations’ ties to Western governments have frayed. French troops have withdrawn from Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso, and the U.S. is completing its withdrawal from strategic bases in Niger.

In place of Western alliances, the new military leaders are increasingly looking to Russia for security and economic partnerships. However, the effectiveness of this new approach in curbing regional violence remains dubious. Burkina Faso experienced a sharp increase in violence in 2023, with over 8,000 deaths reported. In Niger, any progress against armed groups has been undermined post-coup. In Mali, a brutal offensive involving Russian Wagner mercenaries led to mass civilian casualties and widespread displacement.

The human cost of these power shifts is staggering. Approximately three million people have been displaced across these nations due to ongoing conflicts. The future of regional stability hinges on whether this new alliance can achieve what ECOWAS could not—real security and sustainable development for their populations.

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Tragedy at Sea: Nearly 90 Migrants Perish Off Mauritania’s Coast

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Cap-sized boat highlights the perilous journey migrants face on the Atlantic route

Nearly 90 migrants bound for Europe died when their boat capsized earlier this week off the coast of Mauritania, the state news agency and a local official said Thursday. Dozens more remain missing.

“The Mauritanian coast guard recovered the bodies of 89 people aboard a large traditional fishing boat that capsized on Monday, July 1, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean” about 4 kilometers from the country’s southwest city of Ndiago, the state news agency said. The coast guard rescued nine people, including a 5-year-old girl, it said.

The agency quoted survivors saying that the boat had set sail from the border of Senegal and Gambia with 170 passengers on board, bringing the number of missing to 72. A senior local government official gave AFP similar information, on condition of anonymity.

The Atlantic route is particularly dangerous because of strong currents, with migrants often traveling in overloaded, often unseaworthy, boats without enough drinking water. But it has grown in popularity because of the increased vigilance in the Mediterranean.

The number of migrants landing at Spain’s Canary Islands in 2023 more than doubled in one year to a record 39,910, according to the Spanish government. Off the coast of North Africa, Spain’s Canary Islands lie 100 kilometers away at their closest point. But many boats, often long wooden vessels known as pirogues, leave from much farther away, setting sail from Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Gambia, and Senegal.

More than 5,000 migrants died while trying to reach Spain by sea in the first five months of this year, or the equivalent of 33 deaths per day, according to Caminando Fronteras, a Spanish charity. That is the highest daily number of deaths since it began collating figures in 2007, and the vast majority were on the Atlantic route.

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Communication

Tucker Carlson Teases Volodymyr Zelensky Interview

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After Interviewing Putin, Carlson Pursues Conversation with Ukraine’s President

In a surprising move, conservative pundit Tucker Carlson hinted on Wednesday at a potential interview with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. This revelation comes on the heels of Carlson’s February trip to Moscow, where he conducted a notable interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin, marking him as the first Western journalist to do so since the conflict began in February 2022.

“Looks like we’ve got the Zelensky interview. We’ve been trying for two years, and with particular intensity after interviewing Putin in February,” Carlson announced on X, formerly known as Twitter. This potential sit-down with Zelensky follows Carlson’s departure from Fox News last year, where he was known for his controversial takes, including his criticism of Zelensky and the Ukraine war, views that had garnered approval from Kremlin propagandists.

Carlson, who hosted “Tucker Carlson Tonight” from 2016 to 2023 before his sudden firing last April with no official explanation, stated his goal is to “bring Americans much-needed information about the conflict that’s completely reshaping their country’s position in the world.” The announcement of the possible interview with Zelensky has yet to elicit a response from Ukraine, and Newsweek has reached out to Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry and the Tucker Carlson Network for comment.

Following Carlson’s two-hour interview with Putin, the Russian president expressed his surprise over the lack of aggressive questioning. “To be honest, I thought that he would behave aggressively and ask so-called sharp questions. I was not just prepared for this, I wanted it, because it would give me the opportunity to respond in the same way,” Putin remarked to Russian journalist Pavel Aleksandrovich Zarubin on state television channel Russia-1. He added that he did not “feel full satisfaction from this interview.” Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov later stated that Putin agreed to the interview because Carlson’s perspective “differs” from other Western media.

Carlson’s announcement about the Zelensky interview received mixed reactions on social media. Ukrainian journalist Illia Ponomarenko endorsed the idea, saying on X, “I think Zelensky sitting down for an interview with Tucker is a good idea because there is no question Ukraine can’t give a fair answer to.” Ponomarenko further distinguished Zelensky’s candidacy for the interview by noting that, unlike Putin, Zelensky “has no need to crack freakishly weird mumbo-jumbo pseudo-historical freak Viking era theories to explain why Ukraine fights for survival in the largest European war of aggression since Hitler and why it is so important to help Ukraine win.”

However, skepticism abounds, with many voicing concerns about potential manipulation of the interview’s content. “Zelensky needs someone to video the whole interview because you can bet it will be a trap… they’ll change it and use for propaganda purposes,” one X user warned. Another echoed this sentiment, writing, “I’m more concerned about how they will doctor his answers in the final edit.”

Despite the buzz, Carlson has not provided a specific timeline for when this interview might occur, leaving followers in suspense with a tantalizing “Coming soon we hope.”

As the world watches and waits, Carlson’s potential interview with Zelensky promises to be another controversial chapter in the ongoing narrative of the Ukraine conflict. Whether it will bring new insights or further polarize opinions remains to be seen, but one thing is clear: the anticipation is building, and the stakes are high.

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Analysis

Ramaphosa names bloated new South African Cabinet

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South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has unveiled a new Cabinet for his government of national unity. This comes after weeks of intense political deal-making, as Ramaphosa strives to bridge the gap between a fractured electorate and a parliament now teeming with a colorful mix of characters — from a former armed robber to a white Afrikaner nationalist.

The need for this unprecedented coalition arose after the African National Congress (ANC), which has ruled South Africa since the end of apartheid, suffered a stunning blow in the May elections, losing its majority. Ramaphosa’s solution was to form an inclusive government, bringing together 10 opposition parties, each with its own agenda and history of animosity towards the others.

To appease these factions, Ramaphosa has created a somewhat unwieldy Cabinet, now bloated to 32 ministers and 43 deputy ministers. “The establishment of the government of national unity in its current form is unprecedented in the history of our democracy,” Ramaphosa declared, emphasizing the necessity of this approach to advance national interests and reflect the election results.

Despite the noble rhetoric, this government must confront serious internal contradictions. The ANC secured 20 of the 32 Cabinet posts, while the Democratic Alliance (DA), long a thorn in the ANC’s side, took six. The remaining posts went to smaller parties, resulting in a diverse yet potentially discordant mix.

John Steenhuisen, DA leader and the new agriculture minister, acknowledged the challenges ahead. “The road ahead will be difficult,” he conceded, yet he pledged to work towards making this coalition successful. “It is now up to all of us — including the voters who created this multi-party government — to ensure that it delivers on its promise.”

This coalition is born from necessity. The ANC’s plummeting popularity, down to 40% of the vote, reflects widespread dissatisfaction with economic mismanagement, soaring unemployment, and rampant corruption. Conversely, the DA, which garnered 22% of the vote, is tasked with revitalizing key economic sectors, including agriculture and public works and infrastructure.

However, not everyone is on board with this unity government. The uMkhonto weSizwe party, led by the corruption-tainted former President Jacob Zuma, and the radical Marxist Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), both refused to join, citing objections to the DA’s involvement. These parties, now relegated to the opposition benches, will undoubtedly continue to challenge the coalition’s initiatives.

Other smaller parties, however, have joined the government, bringing their own controversies. The anti-immigrant Patriotic Alliance, led by ex-gangster Gayton McKenzie, has seen its leader appointed as minister for sports, arts, and culture. Meanwhile, the right-wing, white nationalist Freedom Front Plus has its leader, Pieter Groenewald, taking the helm at correctional services.

The irony of the DA, a party that has long criticized the ANC for bloated governance and cronyism, now participating in a government with 75 ministers and deputies, is not lost on observers. David Everatt, a politics professor at the University of the Witwatersrand, highlighted this paradox, noting that the DA now finds itself in the very position it once lambasted.

This government of national unity faces a monumental task. It must not only navigate its own internal contradictions but also address the critical issues that led to the ANC’s electoral decline. High unemployment, economic instability, and systemic corruption are just the tip of the iceberg.

Moreover, Ramaphosa must balance the demands of his coalition partners while delivering tangible results to a skeptical and impatient public. The success or failure of this bold political experiment will shape South Africa’s future and possibly redefine its political landscape.

As South Africa watches this diverse coalition attempt to govern, one can’t help but wonder: Can such a disparate group set aside their differences for the common good? Or will the internal strife prove too great, leading to another chapter of political turmoil in a country already weary from decades of struggle?

This bloated Cabinet may be South Africa’s best hope for stability and progress, or it could be a recipe for disaster. Either way, it’s a political gamble with high stakes for all involved.

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Africa

Somaliland’s Tribal Power Struggle: Wadani vs. KAAH

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How Clan Loyalties and Traditional Leaders Threaten the November 2024 Elections –

Somaliland is witnessing a disturbing regression into tribal politics as it gears up for the November 2024 elections. What was once a beacon of hope for democracy in the Horn of Africa is now at risk of being overshadowed by the sinister influence of clan loyalties and traditional leaders. The upcoming elections, rather than being a celebration of democratic progress, are turning into a tribal showdown that threatens the very fabric of Somaliland’s hard-won peace and stability.

The recent clash between KAAH chairman Mahmoud Hashi and Wadani party candidate Abdirahman Cirro over the Habarjeclo votes has laid bare the ugly reality of Somaliland’s political landscape. This isn’t just a political disagreement; it’s a struggle for tribal dominance that is eroding the democratic principles Somaliland has strived to uphold.

Imagine this: after decades of fighting for independence and building a semblance of democratic governance, the people of Somaliland now find their fate being decided not by the ballot box, but by traditional clan elders. These elders, particularly from the Habarjeclo tribe, have blatantly disregarded Somaliland’s electoral laws, crafting new rules that serve their interests and sidelining the nation’s constitution. This brazen power grab is nothing short of a betrayal of the people’s trust and a mockery of their democratic aspirations.

The complicity of legislative councils and the senate, dominated by Habarjeclo figures, in this travesty is particularly egregious. They have not only sanctioned this illegal takeover but actively participated in it. This scandalous subversion of democracy is a stark reminder of how fragile Somaliland’s political system remains. The upcoming elections, instead of being a beacon of democratic progress, risk becoming a farce dominated by tribal allegiance.

Let’s be clear: this isn’t just about political maneuvering. It’s about the future of a nation and its people. The orchestrated push by traditional Habarjeclo leaders to monopolize political power and exclude other parties from the presidential race on November 13, 2024, is a direct assault on the multi-party system. This system, which allows for political plurality, is being systematically dismantled in favor of tribal hegemony. The exclusion of the Horseed and Hilaac organizations and the aggressive stance of the Wadani party only exacerbate the situation, creating an atmosphere of tension and instability.

What is perhaps most alarming is the silence of Somaliland’s educated elite and those in top positions. Their acquiescence—or worse, their complicity—in this regression into tribalism is a betrayal of their responsibilities. How can these leaders, who should be the vanguards of democracy, remain silent as the nation teeters on the brink of tribal anarchy?

The spectacle of three politicians from the Habarjeclo tribe—Mohamed Kahin of Kulmiye, Hirsi Haji Ali of Wadani, and Mahmoud Hashi of KAAH—competing for their tribe’s votes is a damning indictment of Somaliland’s political landscape. This internal feud, framed as a struggle for tribal dominance, is a disgrace to the democratic ideals that Somaliland purportedly upholds.

The people of Somaliland deserve better. They deserve leaders who prioritize national unity and democratic governance over narrow tribal interests. The November 2024 elections should be an opportunity to reaffirm Somaliland’s commitment to democracy, not a descent into tribal chaos.

Mahmoud Hashi’s attempt to leverage Abdirahman Irro’s power for the benefit of KAAH, and Irro’s refusal to relinquish Wadani’s presidential ambitions, only highlights the extent to which tribal politics has corrupted the electoral process. This sordid saga of backroom deals and tribal horse-trading is a travesty of democracy.

The people of Somaliland have not endured decades of conflict and instability only to see their democratic dreams dashed by the whims of tribal leaders. The silent majority—the ordinary men and women who want nothing more than peace, stability, and a voice in their own governance—must stand up and demand better. They must hold their leaders accountable and insist on a return to the principles of democracy and the rule of law.

As the elections approach, it is imperative that the international community and the people of Somaliland hold their leaders accountable. The time has come to reject the pernicious influence of tribal politics and demand a return to democratic principles. Only by doing so can Somaliland hope to achieve the peace and stability that its people so desperately crave.

The future of Somaliland hangs in the balance. Will it be a future defined by democratic progress and national unity, or will it be marred by tribalism and division? The choice lies in the hands of the Somaliland people and their leaders. The world is watching, and the stakes could not be higher.

Exposing the Conspiracy: Mohamed Abdullahi Omar’s Hidden Agenda Against Somaliland

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